The Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-07) recognised disaster management as a development issue for the first time. It was prepared in the backdrop of the Orissa super cyclone (1999) and the massive Gujarat earthquake (2001). Later the Tsunami in the Indian Ocean which devastated coastal communities in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry and Andaman in 2004 became the tipping point for initiating a series of steps by the government. India became one of the first countries to declare a national commitment to set up appropriate institutional mechanisms for more effective disaster management at the national, state and district levels. The Disaster Management Bill was subsequently adopted unanimously.
Disaster management programs and courses help people to understand disasters and the process of getting through a natural disaster. People are able to study disaster management and then they can help out and assist with the efforts after the disaster strikes. People who study disaster management will be able to study a variety of information related to the disaster. They learn how to respond to a range of uncertain disasters and how to manage these events and plan for them. They also learn how to anticipate issues and how to evaluate different methods that will help them to make decisions that are good for the entire community and disaster response. People with also work with other emergency response persons in order to work together to rectify situations and to make a difference in the lives of people who have been affected by a natural disaster. Most disaster relief programs offer a traveling program where participants are able to view disaster zones firsthand. People in the programs will often travel to multiple places where disasters have occurred and will be able to determine the actual outcome of natural disasters. It is also important to study disaster technologies and ways that technology is helping to warn communities about natural disasters.